Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and Polycystic Ovarian Disorders (PCOD) are probably the most common problems related to the ovaries. They usually occur in while you are in your teens and tend to worsen, if left untreated. Although PCOS and PSCOD are used interchangeably, they have certain differences between them. The only common factor between them is that the ovaries are affected, and they tend to lead to hormonal disturbances.
Take a look at each of these disorders to understand them better and ensure timely diagnosis and treatment.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a metabolic disorder that occurs in the endocrine system. High amounts of male hormones are produced in this condition, which leads to irregularity in ovulation. Cysts can also form on the ovaries in this condition,and they tend to be quite a few in number. PCOSis a metabolic disorder, since it is associated with a disorder in the endocrine system. This disorder might work both ways, in the that there might be an excessive production or deficiency of hormones. PCOS is a disorder whereas PCOD is the manifestation of the symptoms.
Polycystic Ovarian Disorder (PCOD)
Polycystic ovarian disorder is a medical condition where the ovaries release the eggs prematurely and they turn into cysts overtime. This condition has been known to cause weight gain and irregular periods. It also increases the chances of the patient getting male pattern hair loss and significant abdominal pain during menstruation. PCOD could occur Due to a variety of reasons, including unhealthy lifestyle habits, consuming excessive junk food and being overweight. Despite having the word disorder in it, PCOD is not completely said to be a disease and can be cured and/or controlled with a proper diet and exercise regimen. PCOD is faced by one-third of the women, which means it is fairly common.
PCOD vs PCOS and Pregnancy
If you’re comparing PCOD vs PCOS, PCOD does not affect a woman’s fertility whereas PCOS could lead to complications. Conceiving could be a big challenge in the first place, since hormonal irregularities lead to irregular production of eggs by the ovaries. Women with PCOD can still ovulate and become pregnant, whereas women with PCOS lose their ability to ovulate due to the excessive release of the male hormone, testosterone. Women with PCOS also have a higher chance of developing heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity, whilewomen with PCOD may not experience such health complications. During pregnancy,you should be very careful of what you eat and knowing which vegetables and fruits to avoid during pregnancy can be very useful for a safe pregnancy.
Given the differences in PCOD vs PCOS, it is best to consult an experienced gynecologist if you or someone you know is experiencing any menstrual irregularities or excessive cramps.